The Italians withdrew from the war the day before the invasion, but the Allies landed in an area defended by German troops. The Italians capitulated just as the Allies advanced on mainland Italy following their successful invasion of Sicily, codenamed Operation Husky.Some landings on the mainland were unopposed but in the case of Operation Avalanche, the landings at Salerno, there was strong opposition. About 150 aircraft of Allied Northwest African Strategic Air Force and over 100 aircraft US 9th Air Force attacked Rome, Italy for a second day in a row, targeting rail marshalling yards and the Ciampino Airfield. The four British cruisers that carried the invasion troops arrived at Taranto at 1500 hours on 9 Sep, where they were guided through the defensive minefield by the Italians as previously agreed upon. The main landings were scheduled one week later, 9 September. As well, Italy occupied by a hostile German army would have created additional problems for the German Commander-in-Chief Albrecht von Kesselring. Following the defeat of the Italian Forces and Afrika Korps in North Africa, there was disagreement between the Allies as to what the next step should be. Although two port cities had been secretly made available to the Allies during the secret armistice negotiations, Allied Supreme Commander Dwight Eisenhower decided to land a large number of troops there as another attempt to draw German attention away from the Salerno landings. The Invasion of Italy was conducted September 3-16, 1943, during World War II. British and Canadian troops engaged with troops of German Krüger Battle Group in southwestern Italy. Surprise was not achieved. Around 07:00 a concerted counterattack was made by the 16th Panzer Division. By 16 Sep, British 5th Infantry Division had reached Sapri, less than 100 kilometers southeast of Salerno, thus nearly linking up the two forces. in order to beat a hasty retreat to Sicily in the event Italian forces with their German support broke the beachhead. Operation Overlord required the type of logistical … US 3rd Infantry Division captured Avellino, Italy. Its primary objectives were to seize the port of Naples to ensure resupply, and to cut across to the east coast, trapping the Axis troops further south. The Taranto landing was met with no resistance as German troops had already been pulled back per Kesselring's orders days prior. Churchill described Sicily and Italy as the soft underbelly of Europe, but the Italy campaign was hard fought and only ended with Germany's unconditional surrender in May 1945. Its primary objectives were to seize the port of Naples to ensure resupply, and to cut across to the east coast, trapping Axis troops further south. Operation Overlord was the code-name given to the Allied invasion of France scheduled for June 1944. The troops attacked nonetheless. To the west, the main Allied assault on Italy, Operation Avalanche, began with the landing of two British divisions and one American division at Salerno; the British troops pushed 8 to 11 kilometers inland, which the Americans held on to a precarious beachhead. A massive air battle took place over Aversa, Italy when 44 US P-38 fighters escorting a B-26 bombing raid on the rail marshaling yards engaged 75 Luftwaffe fighters. While no bombers were shot down, 13 US and 9 German fighters fell. The Italians withdrew from the war the day before the invasion, but the Allies landed in an area defended by German troops. Operation Avalanche was the preceding order in the arms and space race to bankrupt the Soviet Union in the Cold War. Thank you. Elsewhere, the German occupation administration of Italy announced the death penalty for any Italians seen with firearms. Operation Avalanche seemingly had it all: initiative, supremacy at sea, dominance in the air, and a clear advantage in numbers. ... Operation Avalanche called for landing on a broad, 35-mile front to the south of Salerno. By dawn, British 4th Parachute Brigade had reached Massafra, Italy 20 kilometers northwest of Taranto. However, Italian (and more so German) resistance proved relatively strong, and fighting in Italy continued even after the fall of Berlin. A Ranger force under Colonel William O. Darby consisting of three US Ranger battalions and two British Commando units was tasked with holding the mountain passes leading to Naples, but no plan existed for linking the Ranger force up with X Corps' follow-up units. The German advances were slowed on 15 Sep, largely because of heavy naval gunfire and aerial bombardment. The German counterattack began on 13 Sep, with the main attack striking in the region near Battipaglia, intending to divide the British X Corps and the US VI Corps. When the US 9th Air Force returned from Rome, they dropped their remaining bombs on targets at Anzio and Sicily. Axis defensive organization In mid-August, the Germans had activated Army Group B ( Heeresgruppe B ) under Erwin Rommel with responsibility for German troops in Italy as far south as Pisa . Thus, by early October, the whole of southern Italy was in Allied hands, and the Allied armies now stood facing the Volturno Line, the first of a series of prepared defensive lines running across Italy from which the Germans chose to fight delaying actions, giving ground slowly and buying time to complete their preparation of the Winter Line, their strongest defensive line south of Rome. 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